Geography

Geography is taught as part of our themed curriculum.

This is our geography curriculum map.

Year 1

  1. Location knowledge
    Name, locate and identify characteristics of the four countries and capital cities of the UK and its surrounding areas.
  2. Place knowledge
    Comparisons with a non-European country.
  3. Human and physical geography including vocabulary
    Identify seasonal and daily weather patterns in UK.
  4. Geographical skills and fieldwork
    Use world maps, atlases and globes; Use simple fieldwork and observational skills to study geography of their school and its grounds and the key human and physical features of its surrounding environment.

Year 2

  1. Location knowledge
    Name and locate the world’s seven continents and five oceans.
  2. Place knowledge
    Comparisons with a non-European country.
  3. Human and physical geography including vocabulary
    Location of hot and cold areas in relation to the Equator and North and South Poles.
  4. Geographical skills and fieldwork
    Use simple compass directions NSEW and locational and directional language to describe the location of features and routes on a map; use aerial photos and plan perspectives to recognise landmarks and basic human and physical features; devise a map; use and construct basic symbols in a key.

Key Stage 2

Year 3

  1. Location knowledge
    Locate world’s countries, using maps to focus on Europe (including Russia); name and locate countries and cities of the UK; identify position and significance of Northern and Southern Hemispheres, Arctic and Antarctic  Circle and Prime and Meridian time zones.
  2. Place knowledge (each group to choose one place to study)
    Understand geographical similarities and differences through the study of human and physical geography of a region of the UK, a region in a European country and a region within North or South America.
  3. Human and physical geography including vocabulary
    Physical geography: Climate zones; Human geography: types of settlement and land use, economic activity including trade links and the distribution of natural resources including energy, food, minerals and water; North America (eg link to Mexico – history).
  4. Geographical skills and fieldwork
    Use maps, atlases, globes and digital/computer mapping to locate countries and describe features studied; using the eight points of a compass and four-figure grid references; use fieldwork to observe, measure, record and present the human and physical features in the local area using a range of methods, including sketch maps, plans and graphs and digital technologies (WIVENHOE).

Year 4

  1. Location knowledge
    Locating North and South America concentrating on environmental regions; Looking at geographical regions and identifying human and physical characteristics of UK; Identify position and significance of Northern and Southern Hemispheres, Arctic and Antarctic  Circle and Prime/Greenwich time zones.
  2. Place knowledge (each group to choose one place to study)
    Understand geographical similarities and differences through the study of human and physical geography of a region of the UK, a region in a European country and a region within North or South America.
  3. Human and physical geography including vocabulary
    Physical geography: Water cycle, mountains; Human geography: types of settlement and land use, economic activity including trade links and the distribution of natural resources including energy, food, minerals and water; United Kingdom (link to history).
  4. Geographical skills and fieldwork
    Use maps, atlases, globes and digital/computer mapping to locate countries and describe features studied; Using the eight points of a compass and four-figure grid references; Use fieldwork to observe, measure, record and present the human and physical features in the local area using a range of methods, including sketch maps, plans and graphs and digital technologies (FLATFORD).

Year 5

  1. Location knowledge
    Looking at key physical and human characteristics of countries and major cities; Looking at key topographical features (including hills, mountains and coasts) and land-use patterns; and understand how some of these aspects have changed over timeIdentify the position and significance of latitude, longitude, Equator, the Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn, Meridian and time zones (including day and night).
  2. Place knowledge (each group to choose one place to study)
    Understand geographical similarities and differences through the study of human and physical geography of a region of the UK, a region in a European country and a region within North or South America.
  3. Human and physical geography including vocabulary
    Physical geography: rivers, volcanoes and earthquakes; Human geography: types of settlement and land use, economic activity including trade links and the distribution of natural resources including energy, food, minerals and water; Europe (eg link to Greece – history).
  4. Geographical skills and fieldwork
    Use maps, atlases, globes and digital/computer mapping to locate countries and describe features studied; Using six-figure grid references, symbols and key (including the use of Ordnance Survey maps) to build their knowledge of the UK and the wider world; Use fieldwork to observe, measure, record and present the human and physical features in the local area using a range of methods, including sketch maps, plans and graphs and digital technologies (THE PIONEER/THE COLNE).

Year 6

  1. Location knowledge
    Looking at key physical and human characteristics of countries and major cities; Looking at key topographical features (including coasts) and land-use patterns; and understand how some of these aspects have changed over time; Identify the position and significance of latitude, longitude, Equator, the Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn, Meridian and time zones (including day and night).
  2. Place knowledge (each group to choose one place to study)
    Understand geographical similarities and differences through the study of human and physical geography of a region of the UK, a region in a European country and a region within North or South America.
  3. Human and physical geography including vocabulary
    Physical geography: biomes and vegetation belts; Human geography: types of settlement and land use, economic activity including trade links and the distribution of natural resources including energy, food, minerals and water; Europe (eg link to Scandinavia – history).
  4. Geographical skills and fieldwork
    Use maps, atlases, globes and digital/computer mapping to locate countries and describe features studiedUsing six-figure grid references, symbols and key (including the use of Ordnance Survey maps) to build their knowledge of the UK and the wider world; Use fieldwork to observe, measure, record and present the human and physical features in the local area using a range of methods, including sketch maps, plans and graphs and digital technologies (AYLMERTON).